Symptoms of Achilles tendonitis can include pain, swelling, and increased activity. The patient may require a walking boot or crutches if the injury is severe. A physical therapist can provide exercises to stretch and strengthen the tendon. Surgery may also be necessary.
Treatment depends on the type of Achilles tendonitis and the cause. In early cases, non-surgical treatments may be enough to relieve the pain. Some patients may be prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications. Other options include stretching exercises, braces and extracorporeal shock wave therapy. If the condition is more severe, an orthopedic surgeon may be needed.
During the diagnosis, a health care provider will ask about your symptoms and examine the Achilles tendon. They will also check your flexibility and range of motion. An MRI scan may be recommended if they suspect a sprain or tear. If you have severe pain, a surgeon will have to repair the tendon. The treatment for Achilles tendonitis may involve physical therapy and/or surgery.
Achilles tendonitis is an uncomfortable condition that can affect your daily life. It causes pain in the heel area and can interfere with walking and running. Resting the affected area and taking a warm shower can alleviate the symptoms. Symptoms usually subside within a day or two of rest, but the problem may return as soon as you start walking. You may also notice a ringing or cracking noise in your Achilles’ cord during this time. The cracking or pain may indicate a rupture of the Achilles tendon.
There are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) available that may ease pain and inflammation. However, NSAIDs should not be taken for long periods of time. The goal is to prevent the problem from progressing to a rupture. In the worst case scenario, a ruptured Achilles tendon may need surgery.
Physiotherapy is another treatment option for Achilles tendinopathy. Physiotherapy involves stretching and strengthening the Achilles tendon. Two to three sessions a week are recommended and can be very effective. If these measures don’t work, a doctor may suggest other treatments to help alleviate the symptoms. This will be done by examining the symptoms and evaluating the severity of the condition. You should consult with a physiotherapist to determine the best course of treatment.
A healthy lifestyle is essential for healing Achilles tendonitis. Changing your activity levels can help relieve pain and swelling. Proper rest is also important for healing. The pain can linger for months if you don’t get enough rest. If you continue to pressure the tendon, it may become chronic and require long-term treatment.
Increasing your exercise level gradually is an important part of the cure for Achilles tendinitis. Be careful not to overdo it and take the right shoes. They should provide arch support and adequate cushioning to reduce stress on the tendon. When exercising, it is important to avoid hill running.
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